How do I cite multiple authors?

Answer

Our Western Libraries APA Style Guide has instructions on citing multiple authors.

Two Authors:

General Format:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of book. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Example:

McIntyre, M., & Thomlinson, E. (2003). Realities of Canadian nursing: Professional,
practice, and power issues. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Note in running text: …as McIntyre and Thomlinson (2003) argued….
Note outside running text: …as has been published (McIntyre & Thomlinson, 2003)….

Three to Five Authors:

Example:

Henggeler, S. W., Mihalic, S., Rone, L., Thomas, C., & Timmons-Mitchell, J.

First note in running text: …as Henggeler, Mihalic, Rone, Tomas, and Timmons-
Mitchell (2007) alerted….
Subsequent notes in running text: …as Henggeler et al. (2007) stated….
First note outside running text: …as has been formulated (Henggeler, Mihalic, Rone,
Tomas, & Timmons-Mitchell, 2007)….
Subsequent notes outside running text: …as has been stated (Henggeler et al.,
2007)….

Six or Seven Authors:

Example:
Lambert, M. J., Hansen, N. B., Umphress, V., Lunnen, K., Okiishi, J., & Burlingame, G. M.

First and subsequent notes in running text: …as Lambert et al. (2006) published….
First and subsequent notes outside running text: …as has been argued (Lambert et al.,
2006)….

Eight or More Authors

For your Reference List, show the first six authors, followed by three ellipses, followed
by the last author.

Example:
Santin, J., Hesketh, I., Thorley, C., Payne, L. D., Davies, B. L., Shaheen, M., … Mitchell, L. H.


First and subsequent notes in running text: …as Santin et al. (2009) stated….
First and subsequent notes outside running text: …as has been examined (Santin et al., 2009)….

Note

All information and page number references are based on the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2009/10).