How do I cite websites and webpages?


When citing webpages, follow this format (p.212 #61):

Canadian Nurses Association. (2009). Canadian organizations come together in the fight against malaria. Retrieved from

First citation in text: (Canadian Nurses Association, 2009)

Subsequent citations: (CAN, 2009)

Retrieval date is only provided if the source material may change over time (i.e. Wikis) (p.192).

Webpage, no author or editor listed:

New child vaccine gets funding boost. (2001). Retrieved March 21, 2001, from

Citation in text: ("New Child Vaccine," 2001)

Cite in text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks around the title or abbreviated title.

Additional information about citing websites:

When citing an entire website, it is sufficient to give the address of the site in just the text:

The Manual also advises the following: "In text, include [URLs] in parentheses when possible or revise the sentence to avoid ending a sentence with a URL and no puncuation" (p. 88).

Example: The RNAO ( is the professional association representing registered nurses in Ontario.


All information and page number references are based on the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2009/10).